El papa Benedicto XVI renunciará al Pontificado el próximo 28 de febrero a las 20:00 horas.

"Lo dejo por el bien de la Iglesia", ha dicho Benedicto XVI en latín durante el Consistorio Ordinario Público para la canonización del beato Antonio Primaldo y sus 800 compañeros mártires de Italia y de dos beatas de América Latina.

"El papa anunció que abandonará su ministerio a las 20:00 horas del 28 de febrero", ha dicho Federico Lombardi, portavoz del Vaticano.

Este es el discurso completo del papa en texto y audio:

"Queridísimos hermanos,

Os he convocado a este Consistorio, no sólo para las tres causas de canonización, sino también para comunicaros una decisión de gran importancia para la vida de la Iglesia.

Después de haber examinado ante Dios reiteradamente mi conciencia, he llegado a la certeza de que, por la edad avanzada, ya no tengo fuerzas para ejercer adecuadamente el ministerio petrino. Soy muy consciente de que este ministerio, por su naturaleza espiritual, debe ser llevado a cabo no únicamente con obras y palabras, sino también y en no menor grado sufriendo y rezando.

Sin embargo, en el mundo de hoy, sujeto a rápidas transformaciones y sacudido por cuestiones de gran relieve para la vida de la fe, para gobernar la barca de San Pedro y anunciar el Evangelio, es necesario también el vigor tanto del cuerpo como del espíritu, vigor que, en los últimos meses, ha disminuido en mí de tal forma que he de reconocer mi incapacidad para ejercer bien el ministerio que me fue encomendado.

Por esto, siendo muy consciente de la seriedad de este acto, con plena libertad, declaro que renuncio al ministerio de Obispo de Roma, Sucesor de San Pedro, que me fue confiado por medio de los Cardenales el 19 de abril de 2005, de forma que, desde el 28 de febrero de 2013, a las 20.00 horas, la sede de Roma, la sede de San Pedro, quedará vacante y deberá ser convocado, por medio de quien tiene competencias, el cónclave para la elección del nuevo Sumo Pontífice.
Queridísimos hermanos, os doy las gracias de corazón por todo el amor y el trabajo con que habéis llevado junto a mí el peso de mi ministerio, y pido perdón por todos mis defectos.

Ahora, confiamos la Iglesia al cuidado de su Sumo Pastor, Nuestro Señor Jesucristo, y suplicamos a María, su Santa Madre, que asista con su materna bondad a los Padres Cardenales al elegir el nuevo Sumo Pontífice. Por lo que a mi respecta, también en el futuro, quisiera servir de todo corazón a la Santa Iglesia de Dios con una vida dedicada a la plegaria".

Según la agencia Associated Press, el hermano del papa asegura que el médico le ha aconsejado a Ratzinger no realizar viajes transatlánticos por razones de salud.

EL NUEVO PAPA, EN MARZO

Al Vaticano le ha cogido por sorpresa la renuncia del papa, según ha reconocido Federico Lombardi, portavoz vaticano, en rueda de prensa, donde ha explicado que Ratzinger se marchará a Castel Gandolfo y no participará en el cónclave que elegirá su sucesor. Un sucesor que llegará antes de Pascua, en el mes de marzo.

Una vez que el cónclave que habrá que convocar haya elegido nuevo pontífice, Benedicto XVI tiene previsto pasar el resto de sus días en un monasterio de monjas de clausura dentro del Vaticano.

EL CUARTO EN RENUNCIAR

Joseph Ratzinger, de 85 años, es papa desde el 25 de abril de 2005, cuando fue elegido en cónclave tras la muerte de Juan Pablo II.

De esta forma, Benedicto XVI se convertirá en el cuarto pontífice en renunciar. No ha habido ninguna renuncia al papado en los últimos cinco siglos. La última fue la de Gregorio XII, en 1515, durante el Cisma de Occidente, cuando había tres papas y él era el de Roma enfrentado con Juan XIII. Los otros casos de renuncia al pontificado han sido los de Benedicto IX, elegido en el 1032 y Celestino V, que renunció en 1294 al declararse carente de experiencia en el manejo de los asuntos de la Iglesia.

Estos son el último angelus y el último tuit de Benedicto XVI antes de anunciar su renuncia:


Benedicto XVI
Confiemos siempre en el poder de la misericordia de Dios. Todos somos pecadores, pero su gracia transforma y renueva nuestra vida.

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  • Ratzinger con 16 años, asistente de las fuerzas aéreas nazis en 1943

  • Con su familia en 1951

  • El cardenal Joseph Ratzinger, a los 72 años, en 2001

  • Ratzinger sustituye a Juan Pablo II en la Vigilia de Pascua como papa en 2005

  • En la misa previa al cónclave para elegir nuevo papa

  • Primeros saludos como papa Benedicto XVI

  • El momento en el que abandonó su casa para mudarse al Vaticano, en 2005

  • Las portadas del 20 de abril de 2005

  • Benedicto XVI en su nuevo apartamento

  • La misa inaugural como papa

  • Benedicto y Berlusconi

  • Su primer paseo en el 'papa móvil'

  • Entre cálices

  • Con collares de flores que le regalan unos peregrinos en mayo de 2005

  • Despeinado

  • Pero no pasa nada

  • Ya está arreglado

  • Con un casco de los bomberos del Vaticano

  • Benedicto visita el Mont Blanc

  • Un cartel con la foto de Benedicto en Colonia, Alemania, durante las Jornadas de la Juventud en 2005

  • Su primer invierno con ropa de papa

  • El 28 de diciembre de 2005 utilizó un gorro que perteneció Juan XXIII 40 años antes

  • Durante su primera misa de Semana Santa como papa

  • Visita Polonia en 2006

  • El pontífice visita Bavaria

  • El papa en Estambul

  • Imagen del papa en el carnaval de Mainz, en Alemania en 2007

  • Benedicto lava los pies durante la misa de Pascua en 2007

  • Su 80º cumpleaños

  • Benedicto y el viento

  • El papa y George Bush en 2007

  • Benedicto y Sarcozy, en diciembre de 2007

  • El museo Madame Tussauds de Washington preparó este montaje para celebrar la visita del pontífice a EEUU en abril de 2008, coincidiendo con su cumpleaños

  • En la Zona Cero de Nueva York, en 2008

  • Benedicto en Sidney, en 2008

  • Último día de las jornadas de la juventud, en Australia en 2008

  • El papa ve la película de Juan Pablo II

  • El papa visita Jordania en mayo de 2009

  • En el muro de las lamentaciones, en Jerusalén

  • El pontífice conoce a Obama, en julio de 2009

  • Con la expresidenta de Chile, Michel Bachelet, y la presidenta de Argentina, Cristina Fernández en 2009

  • El papa y Zapatero, en 2010

  • En su residencia de verano, en el castillo Gandolfo

  • Junto a la reina de Inglaterra, en septiembre de 2010

  • Los zapatos rojos de papa, rescatados por Benedicto

  • Ratzinger con los príncipes de Asturias en noviembre de 2010

  • Y con los reyes

  • En góndola

  • Jornadas de la juventud en Madrid, en agosto de 2011

  • Con la familia real

  • Benedicto y Fidel Castro en 2012

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  • Benedict XVI

    RECROP OF VAT114 - In this photo provided by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Mons. Franco Comaldo, a pope aide, left, looks at Pope Benedict XVI as he reads a document in Latin where he announces his resignation, during a meeting of Vatican cardinals, at the Vatican, Monday, Feb. 11, 2013. Benedict XVI announced Monday that he would resign Feb. 28 - the first pontiff to do so in nearly 600 years. The decision sets the stage for a conclave to elect a new pope before the end of March. (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • Benedict XVI

    In this photo provided by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI, center, reads a document in Latin where he announces his resignation, during a meeting of Vatican cardinals, at the Vatican, Monday, Feb. 11, 2013. Benedict XVI announced Monday that he would resign Feb. 28 - the first pontiff to do so in nearly 600 years. The decision sets the stage for a conclave to elect a new pope before the end of March. (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • Britain's Prince Philip (L) watches as h

    Britain's Prince Philip (L) watches as his wife Queen Elizabeth talks with Pope Benedict XVI during an exchange of gifts in the Morning Drawing Room, at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh, Scotland on September 16, 2010. Pope Benedict XVI urged all parties involved in Northern Ireland to work for a 'just and lasting peace' in his first speech of an historic state visit to Britain on Thursday. AFP PHOTO / DAVID CHESKIN / POOL (Photo credit should read DAVID CHESKIN/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI receives a picture fro

    Pope Benedict XVI receives a picture from US President George W. Bush during a tete-a-tete in the medieval St John's Tower in the Vatican Gardens on June 13, 2008. US President George W. Bush had a special audience with Pope Benedict XVI, who was returning the hospitality he enjoyed at the White House in April. AFP PHOTO / Filippo Monteforte (Photo credit should read FILIPPO MONTEFORTE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • In this photo released by the Vatican newspaper Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI, seated in his studio at the Vatican City, uses an iPad device to light up one of the world's largest electronic Christmas trees in Gubbio, central Italy, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2011. (AP Photo/Osservatore Romano, HO) EDITORIAL USE ONLY

  • Madeleine McCanns Parents Visit The Pope

    VATICAN CITY - MAY 30: Pope Benedict XVI meets Gerry and Kate McCann during his weekly audience at St. Peter's Square, May 30, 2007 in Vatican City. The parents of four-year-old Madeleine McCann discussed the plight of their daughter, who vanished 27 days ago whilst holidaying in Portugal. (Photo by Arturo Mari L'Osservatore Romano Vatican Pool via Getty Images)

  • The Pope Meets With President Obama

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JULY 10: US President Barack Obama (L) meets with Pope Benedict XVI in his library at the Vatican on July 10, 2009 in Vatican City, Vatican. Obama was meeting with The Pope for the first time as President following the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • The Pope Meets With President Obama

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JULY 10: US President Barack Obama (L) and First Lady Michelle Obama meet with Pope Benedict XVI in his library at the Vatican on July 10, 2009 in Vatican City, Vatican. Obama was meeting with The Pope for the first time as President following the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • In this photo released by the Vatican newspaper Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI, seated in his studio at the Vatican City, uses an iPad device to light up one of the world's largest electronic Christmas tree in Gubbio, central Italy, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2011. (AP Photo/Osservatore Romano, HO) EDITORIAL USE ONLY

  • VATICAN-POPE-AUDIENCE-INTERNET-TWITTER

    Pope Benedict XVI clicks on a tablet to send his first twitter message during his weekly general audience on December 12, 2012 at the Paul VI hall at the Vatican. Pope Benedict XVI sent his first Twitter message from a digital tablet on Wednesday using the handle @pontifex, blessing his hundreds of thousands of new Internet followers. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Tony Blair Meets With Pope Benedict XVI

    VATICAN CITY - JUNE 23: Pope Benedict XVI meets outgoing Prime Minister Tony Blair in a private audience at his library, on June 23, 2007 in Vatican City. (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • Tony Blair Meets With Pope Benedict XVI

    VATICAN CITY - JUNE 23: Pope Benedict XVI meets outgoing Prime Minister Tony Blair in a private audience at his library, on June 23, 2007 in Vatican City. (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • Tony Blair Meets With Pope Benedict XVI

    VATICAN CITY - JUNE 23: Pope Benedict XVI meets outgoing Prime Minister Tony Blair in a private audience at his library, on June 23, 2007 in Vatican City. (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • In this photo released by Cubadebate, Pope Benedict XVI, right, meets with Cuba's Fidel Castro in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday March 28, 2012. (AP Photo/Cubadebate)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Makes First Visit To Cuba

    HAVANA, CUBA - MARCH 29: Pope Benedict XVI meets with former Cuban President Fidel Castro (L) at the Vatican embassy on March 29, 2012 in Havana, Cuba. The Pope is finishing up his first trip to Cuba, fourteen years after Pope John Paul II visited the communist country. (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano Vatican-Pool/Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-AUDIENCE-FILES

    (FILES) This recent file picture taken on February 6, 2013 at the Paul VI hall at the Vatican shows Pope Benedict XVI arriving for the weekly general audience. The Vatican spokesman announced that Pope says he will resign on February 28. AFP PHOTO / FILES / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-AUDIENCE

    Pope Benedict XVI (R) and his personal secretary Georg Gaenswein arrive for the weekly general audience on February 06, 2013 at the Paul VI hall at the Vatican. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Benedict XVI

    Pope Benedict XVI gets up after kneeling for a prayer during his visit at the Roman seminary, in Rome Friday, Feb. 8, 2013. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • VATICAN-POPE-CONCERT

    RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT 'AFP PHOTO / OSSERVATORE ROMANO' - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS Italy's president Giorgio Napolitano (2nd R) sits flanked by Pope Benedict XVI (C) at a concert by the Orchestra del Maggio Fiorentino, directed by Indian conductor Zubin Metha, to celebrate the 84th Lateran pact's anniversary on February 4, 2013, at the Sala Nervi in Vatican city. AFP PHOTO / OSSERVATORE ROMANO' (Photo credit should read OSSERVATORE ROMANO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • In this photo provided by Vatican paper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI receives a Lazio soccer team's jersey from club's president Claudio Lotito, at the Vatican, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2013. (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano)

  • VATICAN-POPE-AUDIENCE

    Pope Benedict XVI (C) leads his weekly general audience on January 30, 2013 at the Paul VI hall at the Vatican. AFP PHOTO / ANDREAS SOLARO (Photo credit should read ANDREAS SOLARO,ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-ANGELUS-DOVE

    Pope Benedict XVI releases a dove from the window of his appartment at the end of his Sunday Angelus prayer in St. Peter's square at the Vatican on January 27, 2013. The Pontiff and youth of the Catholic Action released two doves, symbol of peace. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • ITALY-VATICAN-RELIGION-POPE

    Pope Benedict XVI arrives to lead the celebration of the Vespers of the Solemnity of the conversion of Saint Paul, in conclusion of the week of prayer for christian unity at the Saint Paul basilica in Rome on January 25, 2013. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Celebrates Baptisms In Sistine Chapel

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JANUARY 13: Pope Benedict XVI (L) performs a baptism in the Sistine Chapel on January 13, 2013 in Vatican City, Vatican. The Vatican reiterated its opposition to same-sex marriage on January 13, after an Italian court ruling it was prejudice to assume a child would have a detrimental upbringing living with a gay couple. (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano-Vatican Pool via Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-MONACO-PRINCE

    Pope Benedict XVI welcomes Prince Albert II of Monaco and his wife Princess Charlene on January 12, 2013 prior to a private audience at Vatican. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-MONACO-PRINCE

    Pope Benedict XVI (C) talks to Prince Albert II of Monaco and his wife Princess Charlene on January 12, 2013 during a private audience at Vatican. AFP PHOTO / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Receives Prince Albert II of Monaco and Princess Charlene

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JANUARY 12: Pope Benedict XVI meets HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco and HSH Princess Charlene of Monaco during a private audience at his library on January 12, 2013 in Vatican City, Vatican. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI (L) is greeted by Ital

    Pope Benedict XVI (L) is greeted by Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti and his wife Elsa (both not pictured) as he disembarks from a helicopter in Arezzo stadium on the start of a one day pastoral visit on May 13, 2012. The Pope will lead a Holy Mass and will also visit the Shrine of La Verna and address citizens of Sansepolcro. AFP PHOTO / POOL / VINCENZO PINTO ALTERNATIVE CROP VERSION (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/GettyImages)

  • In this photo provided by the Vatican paper L'Osservatore Romano, Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti, right, and Pope Benedict XVI meet during an official visit at the Vatican Saturday, Jan. 14, 2012. Premier Mario Monti has met with Pope Benedict XVI at the Vatican in their first formal talks since Monti took over as head of a government of experts in November to tackle Italy's debt crisis. The Vatican said the two sides discussed Italian and European issues as well as the need to protect religious minorities in some areas of the world, and confirmed their interest in continuing "constructive cooperation." (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano)

  • Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti, right, and Pope Benedict XVI meet during an official visit at the Vatican Saturday, Jan. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Max Rossi, Pool)

  • Pope Benedict XVI (R) is greeted by Ital

    Pope Benedict XVI (R) is greeted by Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti and his wife Elsa (L) as he disembarks from a helicopter in Arezzo stadium on the start of a one day pastoral visit on May 13, 2012. The Pope will lead a Holy Mass and will also visit the Shrine of La Verna and address citizens of Sansepolcro. AFP PHOTO / POOL / VINCENZO PINTO (Photo credit should read VINCENZO PINTO/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Pope Benedict XVI meets Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JANUARY 14: Pope Benedict XVI exchanges gifts with Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti during a meeting at his private library on January 14, 2012 in Vatican City, Vatican. This is the first time the Pope has received the new Italian President. (Photo by Stefano Dal Pozzolo - Vatican Pool via Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI and German Chancellor

    Pope Benedict XVI and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pose for a picture after an oecumenical service at the protestant monastery of St. Augustin in Erfurt, eastern Germany, on September 23, 2011, on the second day of the Pontiff's first state visit to his native Germany. The 84-year old pope, German born Joseph Ratzinger, has a packed program, with 18 sermons and speeches planned for his four-day trip to Berlin, Erfurt in the ex-German Democratic Republic and Freiburg. AFP PHOTO / POOL BUNDESREGIERUNG GUIDO BERGMANN (Photo credit should read GUIDO BERGMANN/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Benedict XVI , Angela Merkel, Joachim Sauer

    Benedict XVI speaks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, center, and her husband Joachim Sauer, left, in the house of the German Bishops Conference in Berlin, Thursday, Sept. 22, 2011. Pope Benedict XVI is on a four-day official visit to his homeland Germany. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski, pool)

  • ALTERNATIVE CROP - German Chancellor Ang

    ALTERNATIVE CROP - German Chancellor Angela Merkel (R) looks on as Pope Benedict XVI has his robe blown in the face by the wind after arriving on September 22, 2011 at the Tegel airport in Berlin, where he starts his first state visit to his native Germany. The 84-year old pope, German born Joseph Ratzinger, has a packed program, with 18 sermons and speeches planned for his four-day trip to Berlin, Erfurt in the ex-German Democratic Republic and Freiburg. AFP PHOTO / PATRIK STOLLARZ (Photo credit should read PATRIK STOLLARZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Silvio Berlusconi Pope Benedict XVI

    FILE - In this Friday, June 6, 2008 file photo, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi shows one of the gifts he received from Pope Benedict XVI, a pen commemorating St. Peter, on the occasion of their meeting at the Vatican City. Premier Silvio Berlusconi resigned in Rome, Saturday, Nov. 12, 2011, after the Parliament's lower chamber passed European-demanded reforms, ending a 17-year political era and setting in motion a transition aimed at bringing Italy back from the brink of economic crisis. The 75-year-old billionaire media mogul, who came to power for the first time in 1994 using a soccer chant "Go Italy" as the name of his political party, became Italy's longest-serving post-war premier.(AP Photo/Alessandro Bianchi, pool, file)

  • The Pope Meets With President Obama

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JULY 10: US President Barack Obama (L) and First Lady Michelle Obama meet with Pope Benedict XVI in his library at the Vatican on July 10, 2009 in Vatican City, Vatican. Obama was meeting with The Pope for the first time as President following the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • The Pope Meets With President Obama

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JULY 10: US President Barack Obama (L) and First Lady Michelle Obama exchange gifts with Pope Benedict XVI in his library at the Vatican on July 10, 2009 in Vatican City, Vatican. Obama was meeting with The Pope for the first time as President following the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • The Pope Meets With President Obama

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - JULY 10: US President Barack Obama (R) meets with Pope Benedict XVI in his library at the Vatican on July 10, 2009 in Vatican City, Vatican. Obama was meeting with The Pope for the first time as President following the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)

  • British Prime Minister David Cameron (L)

    British Prime Minister David Cameron (L) bids farewell to Pope Benedict XVI at Birmingham International Airport, England, on September 19, 2010, after a four day visit to Britain by the Pope. Pope Benedict XVI flew out of Britain Sunday after an historic four-day state visit, as Prime Minister David Cameron said he had made people 'sit up and think.' AFP PHOTO/CARL COURT (Photo credit should read Carl Court/AFP/Getty Images)

  • His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI Pays A State Visit To The UK - Day 4

    BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND - SEPTEMBER 19: Pope Benedict XVI is escorted by PM David Cameron as heads to board his Alitalia jet to Italy on September 19, 2010 in Birmingham, England. Pope Benedict XVI has conducted the first state visit to the UK by a Pontiff. Earlier in the day he beatified Cardinal Newman at an open air mass in Cofton Park. (Photo by Carl Court - WPA Pool/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI (R) meets with British

    Pope Benedict XVI (R) meets with British Prime Minister David Cameron at Archbishop's House, in central London, on September 18, 2010. Pope Benedict XVI is 'very calm' and 'no one felt threatened' despite the arrest of six men linked to an alleged plot to launch an attack during his visit to Britain, a Vatican spokesman said Saturday. AFP PHOTO/Stefan Rousseau/POOL (Photo credit should read STEFAN ROUSSEAU/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI strokesa lion cub as he greets circus artists and workers, during an audience he held in the Pope Paul VI hall, at the Vatican, Saturday, Dec. 1, 2012. Benedict clapped and watched amused as circus workers flipped, flopped, juggled and twisted before him in what the Vatican has called a historic audience to make street performers and other itinerant entertainers feel like they belong to the church. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Pope Benedict XVI strokes a lion cub as he greets circus artists and workers during an audience he held in the Pope Paul VI hall, at the Vatican, Saturday, Dec. 1, 2012. Benedict clapped and watched amused as circus workers flipped, flopped, juggled and twisted before him in what the Vatican has called a historic audience to make street performers and other itinerant entertainers feel like they belong to the church. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Celebrates The Vespers And Te Deum Prayers To Mark The End of 2012

    Pope Benedict XVI is helped by assistants as he celebrates the Vespers and Te Deum prayers in Saint Peter's Basilica at the Vatican on December 31, 2012. AFP PHOTO / ANDREAS SOLARO (Photo credit should read ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Celebrates The Vespers And Te Deum Prayers To Mark The End of 2012

    Pope Benedict XVI celebrates the Vespers and Te Deum prayers in Saint Peter's Basilica the mark the end of 2012 at the Vatican on December 31, 2012. AFP PHOTO / ANDREAS SOLARO (Photo credit should read ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • VATICAN-POPE-TAIZE-MEETING

    Pope Benedict XVI blesses as arrives for the prayer with the ecumenical christian community of Taize during their European meeting, on December 29, 2012, in St.Peter's square at the Vatican. The Taize community, based in the eastern French village of Taize, was created in 1940 by Brother Roger, from Switzerland. The group draws tens of thousands of young people for prayer workshops held across the year at its base, and similar numbers at its annual gathering in a European city, traditionally held between Christmas and the New Year's eve. AFP PHOTO / ALBERTO PIZZOLI (Photo credit should read ALBERTO PIZZOLI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • FILE - In this June 28, 2011 file photo, Pope Benedict XVI touches a touchpad to send a tweet for the launch of the Vatican news information portal "www.news.va", at the Vatican. The Vatican said Monday, Dec. 3, 2012, that Pope Benedict XVI will start tweeting in six languages from his own personal handle (at)Pontifex, on Dec. 12. The pontiff will be using a question and answer format in his first Tweet, focusing on answering questions about faith — in 140 characters. (AP Photo/Osservatore Romano, File) EDITORIAL USE ONLY

  • Bechara el-Rai

    FILE - In this Tuesday, March 15, 2011 file photo, the newly elected Maronite Patriarch Bechara el-Rai gestures as he is surrounded by supporters shortly after his election at the Maronite church's seat in Bkirki, northeast of Beirut, Lebanon. Pope Benedict XVI has named six new cardinals Wednesday, Oct. 24, 2012, adding prelates from Lebanon, the Philippines, Nigeria, Colombia, India and the United States to the ranks of cardinals who will elect his successor. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein, File)

  • Benedict XVI

    Pope Benedict XVI blesses the faithful as he arrives in St. Peter's square to bless the nativity scene at the Vatican, Saturday, Dec. 31, 2011. The Pontiff marked the end of 2011 with prayers of thanks and said humanity awaits the new year with apprehension but also with hope for a better future. "Another year approaches its end, while we await a new one, with the trepidation, desires and expectations of always," Benedict said at the traditional New Year's Eve vespers service, as he delivered his homily from the central altar of St. Peter's Basilica on Saturday evening. (AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito)

  • Pope Benedict XVI delivers his blessing as he arrives for the weekly general audience in the Pope Paul II hall at the Vatican, Wednesday, Dec. 28, 2011. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

El papa se retirará al monasterio de monjas de clausura "Mater Ecclesiae", situado en el interior del Vaticano, después de que su sucesor sea elegido en cónclave. El monasterio, que actualmente está siendo rehabilitado, fue construido en 1992 por deseo de Juan Pablo II, y se encuentra en una zona apartada de los jardines vaticanos.

El edificio consta de cuatro plantas y entre el segundo y tercer piso hay doce celdas monásticas, mientras que en la parte baja del edificio se hallan el refectorio, la cocina y la enfermería, entre otras dependencias. La parte de nueva construcción tiene dos niveles y cuenta con una superficie de 450 metros cuadrados, que alberga la capilla y el coro, así como una la biblioteca en la planta superior.

La única decoración con la que cuenta el edificio son las vidrieras artísticas y los decoraciones sacras, con motivos de inspiración contemplativa. En los jardines del monasterio pueden hallarse limoneros con los que las monjas elaboran mermelada y licores. (INFORMA, AGENCIA EFE)

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"Se decía que Juan Pablo II llenaba estadios y vaciaba templos. Al menos era un gran actor. Benedicto ni siquiera ilusionaba a la gente. Se decía de él que era un intelectual… pero sería un intelectual de cosas de antes", lamenta Villar, quien no confía demasiado en la regeneración de la Iglesia con el cambio de pontífice debido al perfil de los cardenales responsables de la elección.

Habla la iglesia de base crítica con el papa. Lee nuestro reportaje aquí.

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Comunicado sobre la renuncia de Su Santidad el Papa Benedicto XVI:

Ante la decisión anunciada hoy por Su Santidad el Papa Benedicto XVI, S.M. el Rey quiere expresar su reconocimiento a su entrega y a la labor llevada a cabo durante sus casi ocho años al frente del magisterio de la Iglesia Católica.

D. Juan Carlos valora la especial relación mantenida por Su Santidad con España, reflejada en las tres memorables visitas de Benedicto XVI a nuestro país, en las que mantuvo encuentros con la Familia Real española, presididos por el afecto y la cercanía.

El Rey D. Juan Carlos transmite a Su Santidad sus mejores deseos en la nueva etapa personal y de apostolado que comienza a partir del mes de marzo.

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Fotografía facilitada por el Osservatore Romano que muestra al papa tras anunciar su renuncia y a varios cardenales sorprendidos por la noticia.

papa renuncia

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Benedicto XVI tomó su decisión de renunciar "hace muchos meses", tras el viaje a México y Cuba (en marzo de 2012), según explica el director del diario oficial de la Santa Sede, L'Osservatore Romano, Giovanni Maria Vian, en un editorial.

Vian asegura que los cardenales durante el anuncio del Papa han estado "primero sorprendidos y después conmovidos".

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Con subtítulos en español. Para activarlos pincha en el icono "captions".

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Comunicado remitido por la Casa Blanca:

"En nombre de todos los estadounidenses en todas partes, Michelle y yo deseamos extender nuestro agradecimiento y nuestras oraciones a su santidad el papa Benedicto XVI. Michelle y yo recordamos con afecto nuestra reunión con el Santo Padre en 2009, y yo he valorado nuestra labor conjunta en los últimos cuatro años".

Esta foto es de 2009, cuando Obama y su mujer Michelle visitaron el Vaticano.

papa y obama

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Rouco recuerda que nadie tiene que aceptar la renuncia de Benedicto XVI, que nunca perderá el sacramento del Orden y será obispo de Roma.

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portada el mundo

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El presidente de la Conferencia Episcopal Española alaba "el servicio a España" del papa y evoca sus viajes a Valencia, Santiago de Compostela, Barcelona y "de forma muy señalada" Madrid.

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Rouco señala que la semana pasada estaba en Roma y "no había indicio alguno de que pudiera darse una noticia como esta".

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Después de haber conocido esta misma mañana la renuncia de Su Santidad el Papa Benedicto XVI al ministerio petrino, me apresuro a expresar al Santo Padre, en nombre propio, y de todos los obispos miembros de la Conferencia Episcopal Española, nuestra más profunda gratitud por el impagable servicio prestado a la Santa Iglesia en estos intensos años de pontificado.

Estamos afectados y como huérfanos por esta decisión que nos llena de pena, pues nos sentíamos seguros e iluminados por su riquísimo magisterio y por su cercanía paternal. Al mismo tiempo, acogemos la voluntad del Santo Padre con reverencia filial. Estamos seguros de que el Señor bendecirá el costoso paso que él acaba de dar con gracias abundantes para el nuevo Papa y para toda la Iglesia.

Pedimos a todos los fieles que encomienden al Señor la persona tan querida del Papa Benedicto XVI, que le consuele y dé fuerzas para seguir sirviendo a la Iglesia de un modo nuevo mientras la Providencia disponga. Pedimos también oraciones para que el proceso de elección del Sumo Pontífice que se abrirá a partir del próximo día 28 sea guiado e iluminado por la fuerza del Espíritu Santo. Todo, en la confianza cierta de que el Señor está siempre con su Iglesia.

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Habla de la noticia "sorprendente" que ha supuesto la renuncia del papa y expresa la "gratitud". "La decisión nos llena de pena"

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El Mundo publica una artículo sobre la salud de un Papa de 85 años. Puedes leerlo aquí.

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